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Beyond Raspberry Berets: What Prince Left Behind

April 2016
Prince's Yellow Cloud Guitar

Prince designed and used this 1989 custom-made Yellow-cloud electric guitar, built by the Minneapolis firm Knut-Koupee. It features his personal symbol at the top and on the side of the fingerboard. (Courtesy of National Museum of American History)

Portraits and possessions of Prince can be found in the National Portrait Gallery, where his visage was featured in the 2014 exhibition exploring “American Cool,” and the soon-to-be-opened National Museum of African American History and Culture. But perhaps the most evocative is a guitar designed especially for Prince’s over-the-top performances: a custom-made yellow cloud guitar in the collection of the National Museum of American History.

From the collections of the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. is this 1993 photograph of Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016) by Lynn Goldsmith
From the collections of the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. is this 1993 photograph of Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016) by Lynn Goldsmith (National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Jimmy Iovine © Lynn Goldsmith)

First seen in the film Purple Rain, Prince’s choice cloud guitars were first built in 1983 by David Husain, a Minneapolis luthier who made several over the years. A white cloud was reportedly destroyed at the last gig played by Prince and the Revolution, but the end of that band didn’t calm Prince’s love of clouds. The cloud held in the collections of the American History Museum was made in 1989, just in time for Prince’s out-there Diamonds and Pearls era, which featured a new band, the New Power Generation, and plenty of sexually charged songs to go along with Prince's not-so-slightly suggestive guitar.

"It's artistically innovative and custom-made," says Eric Jentsch, deputy chair of the American History Museum's division of culture and the arts. It’s not often that a guitar immediately conveys the identity of its owner, he notes—"It tells lots of stories." Among those stories, says Jentsch, are tales of what Prince represented for his fans. "He's part of being an American to many," Jentsch says. "It's not just about Prince as a performer, it's also about how Prince and his work have become part of our American culture."

Kevin Strait, historian and museum specialist at the National Museum of African American History and Culture, agrees. Prince’s sound, he says, “was unique enough to draw in multiple audiences,” making his career one that was both deeply rooted in African-American musical history and entirely its own. He notes that one of the museum's inaugural exhibitions, "Musical Crossroads," will contain a tambourine played by the artist, as well as rare concert footage and photographs. Prince’s legacy is one of many iconic objects, Strait notes. “There are so many iconic objects like his boots and the Purple Rain motorcycle that would speak to millions of people,” he says.

So what should we talk about when we talk about Prince? It turns out that it’s almost impossible to skirt the legacy—even moments after his death was announced.

“Identifying what made him so unique is almost a futile exercise,” says Strait. “He incorporated so many different influences and fused together so many sounds and made something creative and unique virtually every time he recorded. That’s a testament to the scope of his genius and the scope of his vision as an artist.”

Looking at the artifacts he left behind only tells part of the story—but it serves as a good starting point to honoring the passing of a legend.

The National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. will display the 1993 photograph of Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016) by Lynn Goldsmith through June1, 2016.
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