Smithsonian Collections

Billie Holiday

Image for Billie Holiday
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Exhibition Label
Renowned for making songs her own, Billie Holiday once explained, "I hate straight singing. I have to change a tune to my own way of doing it. That's all I know." This attitude characterized not only her singing style but her life as well. Having endured a difficult childhood, Holiday moved to New York City in 1927. Intent on fashioning a musical career, she began performing to supplement her meager income as a housemaid. Success onstage led to recording opportunities and, beginning in 1937, a close working relationship with Count Basie's band. Holiday later joined the Artie Shaw Orchestra, becoming one of the first African American singers to headline an all-white band. Despite the stardom she achieved, Holiday suffered various personal crises during the last two decades of her life, several of which were the result of drug and alcohol abuse.
Roy DeCarava, 9 Dec 1919 - 27 Oct 2009
Billie Holiday, 7 Apr 1915 - 17 Jul 1959
1957 (printed 1982)
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Gelatin silver print
Image: 33.1 x 25.4cm (13 1/16 x 10")
Sheet: 35.3 x 27.6cm (13 7/8 x 10 7/8")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9cm (28 x 22")
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Object number
Billie Holiday: Female
Billie Holiday: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Restrictions & Rights
© Roy DeCarava