- Label Text
- Hausa men's hats are made of narrow-strip cloth that may be decorated with elaborate embroidery. The Hausa are credited with introducing this form of embroidered hat to Nigeria and for disseminating it widely within West Africa. The embroidered patterns that decorate Hausa hats are commonly curvilinear in design and Islamic in inspiration. They were originally made of white cloth decorated with white thread. Changes in embroidery practices suggest a move from plain to more elaborate design, probably reflecting a reinterpretation of Islamic rules against ostentation. Design changes have included the introduction of colored thread and, while not seen on this hat, the use of letters or representations of buildings, vehicles or animals. Indeed, embroidery designs also may refer directly to historical or topical events, making them a dynamic and responsive art form.
- Tall, cylindrical cotton hat with linear and weave stitching.
- Jacob A. Reis, DD, and Eleanor N. Reis, RN, collected near Bafia mission station, Cameroon, 1908-1948
- Province and Eleanor Reis Henry, Vienna, Virginia, -- to 1984
- Data Source
- National Museum of African Art
- Hausa artist
- Early to mid-20th century
- Credit Line
- Gift from the collection of Jacob A. Reis, DD, and Eleanor N. Reis, R.N.
- H x W x D: 20.3 x 22.2 x 22.2 cm (8 x 8 3/4 x 8 3/4 in.)
- Textile and Fiber Arts