Smithsonian Collections

Crest mask

Image for Crest mask
Data Source
National Museum of African Art
Label Text
Egungun masks honor the ancestors, soliciting their support of their descendants. Wood crest masks with the large ears and buck teeth of the hare are a type of egungun that is most associated with the Abeokuta Yoruba. The hare is an animal associated with the night, the time linked with potentially harmful spirits and dangers. Details of the mask --the drum, the gourd medicine containers depicted along the hairline -- suggest the summoning of protective powers.
Description
Painted wood crest mask, bearded face with large rabbit ears, gourds on hairline. Hare figure on reverse between ears, bata drum on front paws.
Provenance
Rod and Nancy E. MacDonald, acquired 1967/71 to 2015
Maker
Yoruba artist
Oniyide Adugbologe, ca. 1875-1949, Nigeria
Date
Early to mid-20th century
Credit Line
Gift in memory of Nancy E. MacDonald
Medium
Wood, pigment
Dimensions
H x W x D: 37.5 × 25 × 35 cm (14 3/4 × 9 13/16 × 13 3/4 in.)
Type
Mask
See more items in
National Museum of African Art Collection
Object number
2015-7-3
Topic
Ancestral
musical instrument
rabbit
Male use
Geography
Abeokuta, Nigeria
Object Name
egungun